Silver as a disinfectant

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SILVESTRY-RODRIGUEZ Nadia (1) ; SICAIROS-RUELAS Enue E. (2) ; GERBA Charles P. (2) ; BRIGHT Kelly R. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Building 38, Room 429, Tucson, AZ 85721, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Silver has been used as an antimicrobial for thousands of years. Over the past several decades, it has been introduced into numerous new venues such as in the treatment of water, in dietary supplements, in medical applications, and to produce antimicrobial coatings and products. Silver is often used as an alternative disinfectant in applications in which the use of traditional disinfectants such as chlorine may result in the formation of toxic by-products or cause corrosion of surfaces. Silver has also been demonstrated to produce a synergistic effect in combination with several other disinfectants. Many mechanisms of the antibacterial effect of silver have been described, but its antiviral and antiprotozoal mechanisms are not well understood. Both microbial tolerance and resistance to silver have been reported; however, the effect of silver has been observed against a wide variety of microorganisms over a period of years. Further research is needed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy of silver in these new applications and the effects of its long-term usage.

Revue / Journal Title

Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology   ISSN 0179-5953   CODEN RCTOE4 

Source / Source

2007, vol. 191, pp. 23-45 [23 page(s) (article)] (6 p.1/4)

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1987) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Antiviral ; Antiprotozoal agent ; Antibacterial agent ; Microorganism resistance ; Treatment efficiency ; Synergism ; Mechanism of action ; Disinfecting agent ; Antimicrobial agent ; Review ; Silver ;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Antiviral ; Antiprotozoaire ; Antibactérien ; Résistance microorganisme ; Efficacité traitement ; Synergie ; Mécanisme action ; Désinfectant ; Antimicrobien ; Article synthèse ; Argent ;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Antiviral ; Antiprotozoario ; Antibacteriano ; Resistencia microorganismo ; Eficacia tratamiento ; Sinergia ; Mecanismo acción ; Desinfectante ; Antimicrobiano ; Artículo síntesis ; Plata ;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 10456, 35400016164619.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 19029586